作者:Michael

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八重洲 Yaesu有几款快速充电器CD-41 or CD-30 VXA-10 or CD-15,其中比较常用的是CD-41;

IMG_2646

在使用了一段时间后发现我将手台VX-8DR或者FT-1DR放在充电器上并不能充电,即使将手台或电池从CD-41上面拿下,充电器充电完成的绿色指示灯也是点亮的,也就是Full Charge指示灯常亮故障。

IMG_2669

考虑可能是将手台接触CD-41电极时产生了ESD效应(高电压放电)。

IMG_2670

这可能会导致切换充电回路的P-沟MOSFET (Q2)管子损坏,这个小的贴片原件型号是2SJ204,当然也可以用BSS84 or IRLML9303TRPBF代换,也可以用其他相近参数的管子替代,小心更换。

IMG_2517

 

IMG_2518

更换为新管子后该故障消失,可以正常充电!你不必再花钱去买个新的充电器了!

iCOM IC-7100内部结构

03/04/2014 | RADIO | 没有评论

IC-7100具有一个设计前卫并具有时代感的触摸屏控制器。 IC-7100与其他收发信机,诸如IC7410、9100的设计既有相同之处也有很大不同。通过全面的软件定义,在DSP和编解码芯片完成所有的调制和解调。其他信号处理也可由软件完成。

BDMPA4H(AUH}32IOHYB12DS

模拟设备是放大器和混频器。 带宽,低通滤波是通过分立元件完成,但所有的信号滤波,由DSP进行。

我们看一看印刷电路板。 机械设计很简单。

IMG_0293

顶板前端为Rx和Tx一侧的大部分组件。

IMG_0303

TX晶体管波段,1.8 – 470兆赫。该晶体管用螺栓固定到一个风扇冷却散热器,从下方看到的,与小信号板折叠到侧面。

IMG_0288

小信号板由一个同轴电缆的RX和TX射频输出,外加两个扁平电缆做其他连接。

IMG_0300

在小信号板PCB顶侧有DSP芯片。 有运行TRX的三个数字芯片。

IMG_0292

同轴电缆承载着两块板之间的RX和TX。 所有的TRX前端和过滤器后有一个SDR。

结构紧凑,现代化设计TRX便于使用。

常用的 Safari 扩展

03/02/2014 | RESOURCES | 没有评论

Ease Link

以下内容将有助于您使用 Ease Link。

修复链接

Ease Link 可以修复专用链接,如果您在点击迅雷等专用链接时提示“此操作被浏览器拒绝!”等。您只需在该链接上点击右键,然后选择需要的操作即可。

默认状态下 Ease Link 已经开启了“在页面载入时处理迅雷专用链接”功能,可以在加载页面后自动修复迅雷专用链接,您也可以选择开启自动修复 QQ 旋风链接功能。

解码链接

当一个链接的链接地址符合迅雷、Flashget 和 QQ 旋风等软件的协议时,您只需在需要解码的链接上点击右键,Ease Link 便可对其进行修复。默认状态下“自动解码专用链接为常规链接”开启,即在菜单开启的同时*,该链接会被自动解码,您只需在菜单中选择您需要的操作即可。

* 纳米盘并不支持自动解码,需要点击弹出菜单中的“解码此链接”菜单项。

转换链接

当您在网页上遇到文本网址时,只需将其选中,在右键菜单内选择“转换为链接”。转换时根据“自动解码专用链接为常规链接”选项决定是否解码。

您可以用以下地址作为测试:

thunder://QUFodHRwOi8vNDYuZHVvdGUub3JnL3RodW5kZXI1LmV4ZVpa

Flashget://W0ZMQVNIR0VUXWh0dHA6Ly9kbC1zaC1vY24tMS5wY2hvbWUubmV0LzF3L3RnL2ZnY25fNTIzLnJhcltGTEFTSEdFVF0=&5769

配置

打开“首选项”中的“扩展”选项卡,点击 Ease Link 条目下的选项。

  • 自动解码专用链接为常规链接 开启时,Ease Link 将尽可能自动对链接进行解码,而不需您在右键菜单中点击“解码此链接”。
  • 在页面载入时处理迅雷专用链接 开启时,Ease Link 会在页面加载完成后自动修复迅雷专用链接。
  • 在页面载入时处理 QQ 旋风专用链接 开启时,Ease Link 会在页面加载完成后自动修复 QQ 旋风专用链接。

注意 如果您发现 Ease Link 有损您的浏览器性能,请关闭“在页面载入时处理XX专用链接”选项。

处理全部链接

通过点击右键菜单中的“处理全部链接”,您可以要求 Ease Link 处理页面上的全部链接**。此时,Ease Link 将不参照选项菜单内的自动处理协议相关设置,而会处理页面上的所有支持协议的链接。 但是,Ease Link 将根据“自动解码链接”选项解码页面上的链接,如果“自动解码链接”选项关闭,则不在处理时自动解码。

** 为保证性能,只处理各种类型链接的前 50 个。如果有必要,您可以多次执行此操作。

支持协议列表

 

协议 说明 支持自动处理 可修复 可解码
thunder 迅雷专用链接
qqdl QQ 旋风专用链接
fs2you RayFile 否(不需要)
flashget Flashget专用链接
tencent QQ 临时聊天
#namipan 纳米盘 否(不需要)

 

Ad-Block

著名的过滤广告插件,FireFox、Chrome 都有同名插件,非常好用。可以订阅中国专用过滤菜单,从而过滤掉绝大部分广告。也支持设定自定义过滤规则(比如我就用它过滤微博边栏的一些无聊新闻)。

gDirectLinks

它的作用是禁用 Google 搜索结果的跳转机制,安装启用后搜索结果的链接都会直接链向目标页面,有时出现连接被重置时,可以使得当次搜索结果还能用⋯⋯另外也可以设置图片搜索直接链向原图。

HAM相关软件

02/26/2014 | RADIO | 没有评论

Software

 

Antennas, Transmission lines, Propagation
App Store
Aprs / GPS / Datacom / TNC
Audio Analysis and Recording
Blogroll
Blogs and Websites of Mac Ham Radio Enthusiasts
Circuit Design, Analysis, Aids
Contesting
DX and DX Clusters
iOS Apps
Licensing / Tutoring
Logging
Radio Control & Miscellaneous
Software Defined Radio (SDR)
Space Communications (EME/Satellite)
Utilities
Antennas, Transmission lines, Propagation
  • CocoaNec cocoaNEC 2.0 is a Mac OS X application intended primarily for the design and modeling of antennas.
  • DX Toolbox DX Toolbox searches the web for you, gathering information on solar and geomagnetic conditions that affect radio propagation. It displays in real-time the following important readings: Solar Flux; A-Index; K-Index; X-Ray Flux levels; X-Ray flares; Solar W
  • KB6IBB Utilities KB6IBB Utilities is a reference consolidation program. With the purpose of taking the many frequency listings and consolidating them into one simple easy read program.
  • RDCP/Mac RDCP/Mac 2 is a communications software package to interface your Macintosh to models of Kantronics TNCs. Designed with a focus on the amateur HF digital operator, full functionality is available for ama
  • RF Toolbox RF Toolbox (formerly Antenna Master) is an antenna design electronics/electrical tool package . It takes you step by step through the design of the following types of antennas: Dipole, Fat Dipole, Yagi , J-Pole, Super J-Pole, Log Periodic, Cubic Quad, Ve
  • T-Network Tuner Simulator This is a simulator for the popular, series capacitor, parallel inductor T-network tuners. As a java applet/application, you can run this program through your web browser while connected to the Innternet
  • Transmission Line Caculator Java A transmission line caculator Java applet that can be run on your computer or by using your web browser and the Internet. See instructions for downloading and running on your computer.
  • Waavebox Versatile, real-time, precision signal / waveform generator. Uses native Mactintosh sound output capabilities or ASIO drivers (with Mac the Scope). Easy to use analog style signal generator user interfac
  • Yagi Modeler This java applet/application implements a simple yagi modeling code. The initial input is a really trivial 2 elmenent yagi. Click on calculate to have the applet calculate the driven element input imped
App Store
  • MacLoggerDX HD for iPad MacLoggerDX HD is an Amateur Radio application that monitors the spots from your favourite DX Cluster for DXing, Contesting or casual rag-chewing.
  • Multimode Multimode is a modem for RTTY BPsk31 & QPsk31, with spectrum analyzer and Macros for easy operations.
  • WaveGuide WaveGuide is the amateur radio operator’s ultimate utility for determining HF propagation conditions, whether you’re in the shack with your linear or QRP mountain topping.
Aprs / GPS / Datacom / TNC
  • Cocoa Modem 2.0 Link to W7AY homepage and cocoaModem author
  • CocoaModem cocoaModem is a Mac OS X application which implements modems (modulator-demodulators) for some of the Amateur Radio modulation modes.
  • FLdigi FLdigi is a digital modes program that supports many digital modes like RTTY, PSK, MSK, Hell and Thor to name a few.
  • GPSy Connects your Macintosh to a broad range of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, Loran-C, DECCA, and OMEGA navigational units and displays your current coordinates, altitude, bearing, heading, spee
  • Mac HP GPS Control for the HP Z3801A or Z3816A Mac HP GPS Control software allows owners of the Hewlett Packard HP Z3801A or Z3816A GPS Receiver to setup, control and monitor their receiver by means of a serial connection from an Apple Macintosh comp
  • Mac OS X software for Slow Scan TV (SSTV), Narrow Band TV (NBTV) and weather satellites MacRobotSSTV is SSTV program for Mac OS X v10.4. System requirement is G4/G5 processor. It has not tested on G3, but most likely it will run without problems. MacRobotSSTV supports the following modes: R
  • MacGPS Pro MacGPS Pro is software for linking any GARMIN GPS Receiver to any Macintosh. It allows import of maps from a wide variety of sources. These maps can be used real-time as a moving-map display of your curr
  • Multimode Allows your Macintosh to decode many different modes of non-voice communication often heard on shortwave and ham radio. MultiMode allows you to decode and display morse code, RTTY, PSK31, FAX, SSTV, ACAR
  • PocketPacket PocketPacket is an APRS client for Mac OS. It incorporates a software-based TNC, allowing you to directly capture and visualize, or encode and transmit packets using a VHF radio transceiver. You can also
  • Terrabrowser Terrabrowser is an internet browser for satellite photos and topographical maps with built in support for Garmin GPS receivers. Download waypoints from your GPS to display on the maps, edit them, upload
  • Xastir APRS software; requires XFree86/XDarwin (X windows); instructions for installing on the Mac with OSX are kindly provided by Marinus, PE1LIF here. See also Dana Rawding’s (N1OFZ) excellent detailed i
Audio Analysis and Recording
  • Amadeus II Amadeus II is a very powerful sound editor for Macintosh. Besides all the functions you would expect from a high-quality sound editor, it is very easy to create sonograms or to make a detailed spectral a
  • Audacity Audacity is a free, easy-to-use audio editor and recorder for Windows, Mac OS X, GNU/Linux, and other operating systems. You can use Audacity to: Record live audio; Convert tapes and records into digital
  • Audiocorder Audiocorder is a audio recording program that can work like a standard tape audio recorder. Each sound file is stored in AIFF format, a Macintosh standard sound format. The audio can be sampled at 11, 22
  • AudioXplorer Simple-to-use audio analysis and waveform visualization tool. It is now retired but we have used it and it works well.
  • iSpectrum ** Now a Free Download ** iSpectrum is a simple and easy to use audio spectrum analyzer that allows the user to view live audio in a standard frequency plot as well as a waterfall display. The user can a
  • Mac The Scope Professional quality signal analyzer, 1/3 octave RTA, signal generator, and more. Real-time analysis: use built-in Macintosh sound input for signal source. Sound output port may simultaneously be used fo
  • SignalScope SignalScope is a shareware signal analyzer designed to work with Mac OS X compatible audio hardware. It functions as a spectrum analyzer as well as an oscilloscope. SignalScope was designed to make meani
  • Tone Generator X Freeware tone test generator for Mac OS X. Functions include sine, sawtooth, triangle and square waves at various frequencies, and also includes tone sweep, white noise, pink noise, blue noise and brown
Blogs and Websites of Mac Ham Radio Enthusiasts
Circuit Design, Analysis, Aids
  • DesignWorks Lite Draw, save, edit and print complete, professional circuit diagrams using powerful features like bussing, multi-level Undo/Redo, and automatic gate packaging. Use the library of common 74XX and discrete s
  • MacSpice 3f5 MacSpice is a carbonised port of SPICE. SPICE is an analog-circuit simulator that is used to calculate and display the circuit behaviour. It was originally developed at the Electronics Research Laborator
  • OhmAid OhmAid is a simple graphical program which allows the user to select colors on a 4 or 5 band resistor. Resistance and tolerance are calculated. The resistance range associated with the tolerance is also
  • Osmond PCB Osmond PCB is a flexible Macintosh application that allows anyone to easily design printed circuit boards. The code is substantially complete and is currently undergoing testing. For the adventurous, fre
  • PCBWarrior PCBWarrior is a PCB-Layout software that has an easy and intuitiv way of working, administration of components, airways 14 layers, and an administration of potentials. The Output goes to a printer, or in
  • Physics 101 SE With the built-in Circuit Analysis, you can simulate working with a simple electrical circuit without having to deal with actual electrical components. Build a virtual series-parallel circuit with up to
  • Smith Chart Software Java based Smith chart software
  • Solve Elec Software for electronic circuit analysis and resolution. Using Solve Elec, you can draw a circuit, get litteral formulas for currents and voltages of the circuit, verify equations related to the circuit,
Contesting
  • RUMPed RUMped is a logging tool for short wave for the MAC under OSX. It is not designed for the daily QSOs. Currently RUMped supports a DX-pedition mode, some major contests and a general contest mode for uns
  • SkookumLogger SkookumLogger is my HF single-op possibly-assisted CW and SSB contesting program for Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) or later, running on an Apple Intel computer. It behaves a lot like CT, intentionally. Skookum
  • WA7BNM Contest Calendar Website has been updated with Customization, RSS and best of all: an iCal interface!
DX and DX Clusters
  • Cluster Talk clusterTalk is a talking DX Cluster client for Mac OS X version 10.3 or later. With clusterTalk you can log into your favorite DX Cluster via telnet and have the spots “spoken” to you by the Ma
  • DXCC Checklist in Excel Spreadsheets in which you can enter callsign of DXCC-countries you worked or got confirmed. Columns for 10 bands: 160 – 6 meters, all in 2 or 3 modes. Modes are set default to CW and SSB (and RTTY for th
  • iClusterX Announces DX-Spots by voice. Calculates distance and bearing between Grid locators and send Grid & distance. Hot buttons to see DX-Spots on specific bands. Both AR-Cluster and DX-Spider compatible It
  • iDxCluster iDXCluster is an easy to use DX Cluster program geared towards SW listeners, DXers, utility monitors, and others. It doesn’t require a packet radio link, telnet, or any complicated software or setup
  • RYTelnet RYTelnet is a telnet application useful for local DX Clusters. Although the online documentation is written in Spanish, how to use the program is easily understood without needing the online documentatio
  • Spot Spot is a DXCluster client program for Mac OS X that provides an automated way use spot and announcement filtering, automatically look up callsign info, tracks stations connected in real time, and maps s
iOS Apps
  • CWSpeed Koch CW trainer. Learn morse code efficiently!
  • CWText Improve your morse decoding proficiency. Listen to accurate morse code whenever you have a spare minute, wherever you are.
  • EchoLink for iOS EchoLink for iOS
  • HamDXCluster for iOS HamDXCluster for iOS
  • HamLog for iOS HamLog for iOS
  • MacLoggerDX HD for iPad MacLoggerDX HD is an Amateur Radio application that monitors the spots from your favourite DX Cluster for DXing, Contesting or casual rag-chewing.
  • Multimode Multimode is a modem for RTTY BPsk31 & QPsk31, with spectrum analyzer and Macros for easy operations.
  • PocketPacket PocketPacket is an APRS client for your iOS devices. It incorporates a software-based TNC, allowing you to directly capture and visualize, or encode and transmit packets using a VHF radio transceiver. Yo
  • WaveGuide WaveGuide is the amateur radio operator’s ultimate utility for determining HF propagation conditions, whether you’re in the shack with your linear or QRP mountain topping.
Licensing / Tutoring
  • AA9PW FXX Exam Test (Java) Simon Twigger’s FCC license exam Java applets provide practice for the US Amateur Radio examinations required to obtain a Technician, General or Extra Class US Amateur Radio license.
  • Elmer Elmer will help you study for your amateur radio exams. Elmer covers all elements, and prepares actual sample exams, which you take on your Mac. Each exam is graded, and you get to see which questions y
  • Morse Distributon for the Morse Code Teaching Machine software first described in QST, May 1977 in an article by Ward Cunningham. This program teaches you to receive Morse code. It starts with a few letters an
  • MorseMania Morse Mania is a morse code tutor for the Macintosh that provides the three modules to help you learn morse code: (1) Learn Characters ; (2) Guess a Character and (3) Copy Groups. It also supports Farns
Logging
  • Aether Aether is a ham radio logging application for Mac OS X. Aether includes tools to quickly and easily log QSOs while on the air, as well as organize, search and track your QSOs later. Aether was designed f
  • JLog jLog is a modern Ham Log program that can run on all major platforms, e.g. Mac OS X, Mac OS, Linux/Unix, Windows, etc. It offers a nice, clean interface and allows efficient entry of QSOs. It is availab
  • MacLoggerDX The Swiss Army Knife of Amateur Radio. A multi-use program. A logbook, and while you are enjoying your favourite scheduled SWL program, DX Net, or W1AW Bulletin, MacLoggerDX is combing the internet looki
  • MacLoggerDX HD for iPad MacLoggerDX HD is an Amateur Radio application that monitors the spots from your favourite DX Cluster for DXing, Contesting or casual rag-chewing.
  • RUMlog RUMlog is a logging, QSL handling and printing tool, especially made for the short wave DXer, made by a DXer. Basic logging features are included for the higher bands up to 1.2 cm. RUMlog can handle an unlimited numbers of logs and an unlimited numbers of
  • RUMPed RUMped is a logging tool for short wave for the MAC under OSX. It is not designed for the daily QSOs. Currently RUMped supports a DX-pedition mode, some major contests and a general contest mode for uns
  • SCR-Log SCR-Log is freeware for School, Club, and Individual class stations participating in the School Club Roundup. Place SCR-Log in a dedicated folder before running.
  • TQSL Trusted QSL Software used to convert a log file (in ADIF or Cabrillo file format) into a file of digitally signed QSO data, ready for submission to ARRL’s LoTW.
  • WASMap WasMap helps the user track states worked for the ARRL Worked All States (WAS) award. Although the online documentation is written in Spanish, how to use the programs is easily understood withoutu needin
  • WordPress Themes Download Free WordPress Themes and Plugins
  • YeaLogger The YeaLogger is ment to be a simple and stright forward logging software for common HF band and common operating modes.
Radio Control & Miscellaneous
  • Chirp Chirp provides frequency memory management for many Icom, Kenwood, Yaesu, and Wouxun handheld & mobile radios. It is free, open source, and cross platform written in Python.
  • FLRig Flrig is a transceiver control program designed to be used either stand alone or as an adjunct to fldigi. The supported transceivers all have some degree of CAT. The flrig user interface changes to acc
  • FT2K A program to save memory, menus, changes, and more for FT-2000 and FT-2000D. Although the webpage description is written in Spanish, program commands are in English so operation is easily understood with
  • IC-R75 Navigator Allows Mac users to take control of their ICOM IC-R75 communications receiver through a serial port such as the ZLP CT62. Direct frequency entry, filter and mode control, and browsing of stored memories.
  • Jupiter Remote Control Jupiter Remote Control provides the capability to remotely control your TenTec Jupiter using a client/server architecture. The server code runs on a Macintosh computer running OSX that has a direct seria
  • K3 Meter Very cool analog S-Meter for the Elecraft K3.
  • MacK2 A Remote Control Program for the Elecraft K2 Amateur Radio Transceiver using the Apple Macintosh
  • MacMemories Manager MacMemoriesManager provides amateur radio memory management for some radios.
  • RUMtrol746PRO Radio control software for the Icom IC-746 Pro. Adjusting: All memories, including split, subtones, DTSC codes, filter etc.; Filterwidth and shape for each mode; AGC times for each mode (fast-mid-slow);
  • RUMtrol7K Software designed to edit settings of the Icom IC-7000 and save settings to a file. It is not designed to control the radio during normal operations.
  • Serial Tools “Serial Tools is a set of serial port tools for Mac OS X. It includes a Terminal Emulator, a Protocol Analyzer and a serial port monitor to watch for connections and removals of serial ports.”
  • Ten-Tec RX-320 Control a Ten-Tec RX-320 Receiver from OSX and X11.
  • tk92 tk92 is open source software designed for Radio Shack PRO-92 and PRO-2067 multi-system trunking scanners. Chiefly intended for Linux, MacOS X, and BSD users.
Software Defined Radio (SDR)
  • D-Rats “D-RATS is a small application designed to provide data communication capabilities with D-STAR radios. It supports text chatting, file transfers, position reporting and mapping, and much more! It is
  • Java SDR A project to develop a Console written in Java for the SDR-1000 Software Defined Radio (SDR) running on Linux and Max OS X.
  • MacSDR Native SDR software for the Mac.
Space Communications (EME/Satellite)
  • FreeFall Rich with simulated space views of earth and its orbiters, Freefall is a stand-alone satellite discovery and exploration application that utilizes the power of Mac OS X to seamlessly transition from one
  • MacDoppler MacDoppler for Cocoa was re-written from the ground up to take full advantage of all the great Cocoa capabilities in OS X on PPC as well as Intel hardware. It provides station automation from assisted Do
  • MacEchoTelem MacEchoTelem allows you to capture and decode live telemetry from ECHO, AMSAT’s newest satellite, launched June 29, 2004.
  • MoonSkedX Track Moon Position in Realtime ;World Map shows Moon Footprint ; Sked Maker calculates best time for Moon Bounce (EME) contacts between 2 stations ; Displays Moon Bounce Schedules (Imports SKD80 files)
  • Predict PREDICT is a satellite tracking program designed primarily to run on Linux, but portable enough to run on Mac OS X (thanks to the Unix underpinnings of OS X). The program supplied with PREDICT uses sound
  • WXtoImg Software to decode APT and WEFAX signals from weather satellites; Simply connect a 137-138MHz FM communications receiver, scanner, or weather satellite receiver to your Mac and get stunning colour images
Utilities
  • Black Cat CW Keyer Black Cat CW Keyer lets you send morse code from your computer. You can type out the text to be sent (immediately or buffered) as well as create and send from one key macros. Making it easy to send CQs.
  • Cab Converter Cab-converter(TM) is an Apple(R) Macintosh(R)-based program that helps amateur radio contesters by converting a log from a radio contest into the Cabrillo file format which may be submitted to the contes
  • CocoaPTT cocoaPTT is a simple MacOS X application for controlling the Request To Send (RTS) or the Data Terminal Ready (DTR) pin of a serial port. In addition to a control panel interface, cocoaPTT can also be
  • DOSBox DOSBox is a DOS-emulator that uses the SDL-library which makes DOSBox very easy to port to different platforms. DOSBox has already been ported to many different platforms, such as Windows, BeOS, Linux, M
  • EarthDesk EarthDesk replaces your static desktop picture with ever-changing maps of the world with correct sun and moon illumination. Updates as the earth turns. Eleven different projections. Political and satelli
  • EchoMac This is a program for MacOS X to access the Echolink system. EchoLink is software which allows Amateur Radio stations to communicate with one another over the Internet, using voice-over-IP (VoIP) technol
  • HourWorld HourWorld is a program with rich graphics that can show you what time it is in a certain part of the world, and well as demonstrate what is actually looks like over the globe.
  • iClock A menu clock replacement recently updated with HAM related information.Version 2.0 supports web links along with many other handy features. Now with someHAM links it provides a useful tool for hams Uuse
  • JMM – Java Multi Meter JMM is data-acquisition software for digital multimeters equipped with a rs-232 port, such as the Metex 3850 and many others.
  • K1PU Software K1PU’s has written a few tools like UTC Clock and Distance Calculator.
  • Lightsoft Weather Center Lightsoft Weather Center (LWC) is a weather graphing, monitoring and analysis application for Mac OS X. LWC is designed to work with hardware based weather stations (currently Davis Vantage range, Davis
  • QST Browser QST Browser is a Mac OS X application for searching and viewing the back issues of periodicals that are published by the ARRL in CD-ROM format. The application works with the following publications: QST
  • Solar Data Widget Finally there is a Mac Dashboard Widget version of Paul Herrmans, N0NBH, solar terrestrial data!
  • UTC Clock UTC Clock is a simple clock designed to display UTC (GMT, zulu, etc.) time under the menu bar clock. It uses very little resources, screen real estate, and no Dock space. Designed with the hobbyist in mi
  • UTC Display Never again convert between your menubar’s clock and Universal Time when listening to world band radio, observing astronomical events, etc. Universal Time is displayed in an unobtrusive display window. D
  • VXU vxur allows reading from and vxuw allows writing to a Yaesu / Vertex Standard VX-5R (and similar) handheld radios in clone mode. These command line utilities allow easy backup of the rig memory.
  • WeatherManX U.S. Data obtained by connection directly to the National Weather Service. Multiple Cities – US and International. Severe Thunderstorm,Tornado,Flood warnings. Current Conditions – Temperature, Wind Chill

前言
什么是APRS
APRS是英文“Automatic Packet Reporting System”的缩写,中文译为“自动分组报告系统”。这个名称是发明者Bob Bruninga,WB4APR的注册商标。名称中所指的内容可能会让新手困惑。
首先,APRS是一个通信协议。它定义了数据(包括电台和地图物体位置、气象信息、无线电测向、文字信息和遥测)如何通过无线电分组电台通信。

6ae7f76agc331e8044f0f&690
APRS也指包含APRS信息的网络。贯穿美国,欧洲和一些其他的国家,一个数字中继(“digipeaters”)网络,通常工作在一个共同的全国性的频率,为APRS分组提供传输。通常大部分APRS电台工作在其中一个通常的频道,但是不绝对。
APRS互联网系统(APRS-IS)是一个基于互联网的附属于电台的网络。互联网网关(IGate)通常就是一台能访问互联网的家庭PC和一部电台。网关将电台网络的流量传送到一个共享的、世界范围的APRS流。许多IGate至少会传送文本信息流,一些时候也会传送其他信息。从互联网将数据传回电台网络。用这种方法,文字信息可以从一个电台传递到另一个电台。甚至两个电台间不存在中继器或不在一个中继器的覆盖范围内。
APRS的名称有时候指WB4APR原始的MS-DOS APRS地图程序。但是这个程序现在正确的叫法是APRSdos。目前有数种地图和消息程序存在,使用APRS电台网络或APRS-IS,或者两者均用。一些程序同样拥有IGate功能。
连接到世界范围的APRS-IS流是许多数据库服务。这些系统(findu.com和aprsworld.net是两个最受欢迎的系统)处理、存储所有的APRS数据流,按照转发规则将数据转发到世界上任何一个IGate。大多数系统提供地图、天气显示、基于流量的地遥测图。这个功能允许任何人通过互联网访问监视APRS数据而不需要电台设备或特殊的软件。

APRS_block_diagram_final
当然,将数据上传到web连接的数据库并不是APRS唯一的好处。依靠网络的覆盖和负载,仅使用电台网络完成数百英里范围内通讯覆盖也是可能的。但是,在一个共享网络中伴随着中继器的增加,系统可靠度降低。APRS 最可靠的级别是地区级(LOCAL LEVEL),所以在一个地区使用多于两个或三个数字中继是不明智的。通常情况下,使用一个中继器是最适合本地覆盖的。
APRS协议、硬件、软件可以独立的使用在国家级网络上。本地或临时网络可能因为特殊事件或满足特定组织需要而建立。一些应用可能不需要数字中继。例如高空气球经常使用APRS将位置和遥测数据通过一个专用频率直接发送到搜寻队。
移动使用APRS可以有多种不同的形式。最简单移动APRS设置是一个仅具有发射功能的追踪器连接一部电台和一个GPS 接收机。这些追踪器通常没有接收功能,除了在发射前追踪器会检测频道是否被占用。追踪器允许自己的车辆被他人追踪,但是无法接收信息或者位置。
另外一种选择是一部具有APRS功能的电台,例如Yaesu vx-8R,FT-1D。这些电台有一个文字显示屏,但是需要一部带有地图功能的GPS接收机显示位置和其他电台。
一部普通电台配合TNC与一部笔记本电脑或PDA结合使用可以提供完整的APRS功能。包括地图定位、消息功能。虽然这通常是最贵的配置而且在驾驶的过程中操作不方便。

APRS_rallycar_service_KI6IU

 

用简易图示说明如下:

移动手台–>发射调制的数据信号—>基地台并连接互联网—>(http://aprs.fi等网站追踪行程及位置,接收message)

当然这个过程可以逆向,也就是说可以利用互联网向数字手台发送Message

目前APRS系统使用的频率有公约划定,亚洲中国分配频率是144.640MHZ,当然也可以使用任何其他业余频率,甚至是HF,这样可以有更广泛的电波覆盖。

APRSVHFworldmapXx

搭建APRS系统的基础条件有哪些?

一些相关的客户端软件:

Client Software

Software Name
(and link)
OS(es) Description
APRSdos MS-DOS The original APRS application. Specialized versions are also available.
While not directly APRS-IS capable, it sets the standard for APRS packets.
AFilter Windows
(32 bit)
Data stream filter application.
AGWTracker Windows
(32 bit)
GUI with multiple map types.
AGWTrackerPPC Windows Mobile GUI for Windows Mobile
ALogger Windows
(32 bit)
APRS-IS logging application.
APRSISCE/32 Windows Mobile, CE
Windows 32 and 64 bit
GUI client for Windows Mobile and Windows 32 & 64 bit OSes
APRS/CE WindowsCE GUI client for Windows CE
APRSPoint Windows
(32 bit)
GUI client. Uses MapPoint for maps.
Aprsg Linux, Windows IGate
APRS-Go Windows Mobile GUI client for Windows Mobile
Aprx UNIXes, Linux, BSD, Sunos APRS Rx IGate and digipeater supports Linux AX.25 and serial interfaces.
APRS+SA Windows
(32 bit)
GUI client and IGate. Uses Street Atlas for maps.
javAPRS Java Applet GUI applet for web pages.
mAPRS Java Midlet Midlet for Mobile Devices.
MacAPRS MacOS GUI client and IGate
Packetograph MacOS GUI client
pocketAPRS PalmOS GUI client for Palm OS.
NO LONGER AVAILABLE OR SUPPORTED
(I am not the author of this software)
SARTrack Windows (32 bit) GUI designed for Search and Rescue, Tactical callsigns, multi-colour tracks, Search Areas, Messaging, SAR Logging
SmartPalm PalmOS Text client.
UI-View Windows
(16 & 32 bit)
GUI client and IGate.
WinAPRS Windows
(16 & 32 bit)
GUI client and IGate
X-APRS Linux X-Windows GUI client and IGate
XASTIR X-Window OSes
(Linux/Unix/MacOSX)
GUI client and IGate.
YAAC Windows (32 & 64 bit)
Mac OS X, Linux, FreeBSD
GUI client and IGate

 

 

问答:

Q:手机能够使用APRS服务吗?

A:目前有支持智能手机的软件,可以用手机使用APRS服务,在使用之前需要先用业余无线电呼号注册并取得验证码,注册地址http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiv32_uiview32.php?lang=english;大约在48小时内获得验证码,获得验证码后下载智能手机软件来使用服务;

1、Adroid手机:在这个地址下载软件http://aprsdroid.org 或者扫描下方二维码;中文软件可以下载http://www.aprsmap.org/downloads/app/APRSMap_Focus_1.0.2.apk

qr-market

 

2、iOS系统:OpenAPRS on the App Store on iTunes

3、WindowsMobile系统:http://www.aprsgo.com

4、WindowsPhone系统:

5、PC软件

KComm

KComm is a logging and CW / data communication program for the Elecraft K2 and K3 transceivers that is available for both Microsoft Windows and Linux. 

VOAProp

VOAProp was written to satisfy my needs for a program that would show me what HF band propagation should be like on a particular day on a particular band. 

Morse Machine

Morse Machine is one of the best tools ever for learning to read Morse at a good speed. It teaches Morse code using a tried and tested technique called the Koch Method. 

MorseGen

MorseGen is a program that can generate Morse Code for practice purposes. It can be used to teach yourself Morse using the Koch Method and can generate audio files which can be played on a CD player or MP3 player.

MorseTest

MorseTest is a Morse Code proficiency builder that is loosely modelled on a CW contest. It’s the most fun way to improve your Morse proficiency that I know of. 

K2Net

K2Net is intended to allow remote operation of an Elecraft K2 across a network. 

KTune

KTune is a small utility that allows you to use a Griffin Powermate USB knob to tune your Elecraft K3 radio. It should work with a K2, too! 

PSK31 Delphi Demo

PSK31Test is a demonstration of how to use the PSK31 Core DLL written by Moe Wheatley, AE4JY, in a Borland Delphi program. 

Q:为什么部分安卓手机无法使用APRS软件?

A:但凡玩aprs的安卓手机拥有者,都曾遇到安卓aprs软件无法安装的窘境。罪魁祸首就是缺少谷歌包(当然必须root后),安卓2.3和4.0的发上来,方便大家。2.3谷歌包 http://pan.baidu.com/s/1u06y5 ;4.0谷歌包 http://pan.baidu.com/s/18DHor(注:卡刷包,无需解压,直接放到内存卡根目录,进行卡刷。详细这里不解释,请绕道度娘)

Q: 我想更换APRS登录服务器,具体IP那里查询?

A:请参考如下地址获取:

Intro: http://www.aprs-is.net

Tier 2 Network: http://www.aprs2.net/

Tier 2 Network Server Monitor: http://www.aprs2.net/mon.htm

Tier 2 Server List: http://www.aprs2.net/APRServe2.txt

2014-02-28更新

APRS的各种汽车符号、气球、快艇、飞机等图标的定义

前言:aprs的符号用字母代替,但是有两个页面的符号可以选择,两个页面分别是 / 和 \每页选取相应的字母,就是aprs设备的移动标识符号,例如汽车在图 / 中,对应字母是 >

2013121219453078948

符号页“/”

2013121219453071491

符号页“\”

2013121219453051667

相关技术文档下载:APRS_Symbol_Chart

本文不断更新…

EndNote X7大客户版使用说明

01/16/2014 | RESOURCES | 一条评论

Mac版EndNote X7可以通过官方网站下载:

http://download.endnote.com/updates/17.0/EndNoteX7Installer.dmg

License文件:

EndNote X7 Volume License Mac.dat

关于.dat文件替换方法:

1. 系统隐藏文件”.license.dat”. 此文件位置:/Applications/EndNote X7/.license.dat

2. 压缩包内提供文件名为 “EndNote X7 Volume License Mac.dat”

a) 以试用版方式运行一次EndNote X7复制”EndNote X7 Volume License Mac.dat” 到 “/Applications/EndNote X7/“并删除文件夹内原来文件”.license.dat”
b)将”EndNote X7 Volume License Mac.dat” 改名为”.license.dat”
c) 运行”EndNote X7.app”, done
d) EndNote X7每次更新后需重新操作以上步骤

PS:对于首次使用 Mac 系统的朋友来说,可能会有点稍微有点不适应,那就是 OS X 里并没有显示和隐藏文件的菜单或者设置。然而,其实在苹果 Mac OS X 操作系统下,隐藏文件是否显示有很多种设置方法,最简单的要算在 Mac 终端输入命令。

在「应用程序」->「其他」里面找到「终端」并启动它,然后输入以下的命令:

显示/隐藏Mac隐藏文件命令如下(注意其中的空格):

显示Mac隐藏文件的命令:

defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles -bool true

隐藏Mac隐藏文件的命令:

defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles -bool false

部分信息自助查询功能开放

12/18/2013 | GUIDE | 没有评论

微信航班查询

微信航班查询可以让你查看航班的详细信息,比如历史准点率,出发和到达城市的天气情况,计划出发或者到达时间以及实际的时间,以及当前飞机的状态等。

hangban

使用

然后发送【航班XXX】就可以查看航班的详细信息了,比如发送:航班CZ3101,就可以查询广州的北京的南航CZ3101航班的详细信息。

微信空气质量

微信空气质量 可以让你查看某个城市的空气质量,比如发送空气广州,就可以查询广州的空气质量。

使用

然后发送空气就可以查看实时的空气质量,比如发送:空气广州。

webwxgetmsgimg

微信股票信息查询

微信股票信息查询在微信上发送股票代码到你的公众号,就能获取股票的最新行情。

使用

然后发送股票代码就可以查看今日的行情,比如发送:股票000001。

webwxgetmsgimg4

微信星座运势

微信星座运势可以在微信上发送自己的星座到你的公众号,就能获取自己在今天的运势。

使用

然后发送你的星座就可以查看今日的运势了,比如发送:天秤座。

webwxgetmsgimg2

中英文翻译功能

使用

然后发送【翻译 xxx】来就可以进行翻译了,比如翻译中文为英语,如翻译你好,则发送【翻译你好】,翻译英文为中文,如Hello,发送【翻译Hello】。

webwxgetmsgimg1

详细内容大家可以添加我的微信公众账号进行测试,账号为:tiancheng,或者直接扫描下面的二维码:

qrcode_for_gh_a5111c83de1d_430

常用的十七大学术搜索引擎

11/19/2013 | GUIDE | 没有评论

常用的十七大学术搜索引擎

1、http://scholar.google.com/

虽然还是Beta版,但个人已觉得现在已经是很好很强大了,Google学术搜索滤掉了普通搜索结果中大量的垃圾信息,排列出文章的不同版本以及被其它文章的引用次数。略显不足的是,它搜索出来的结果没有按照权威度(譬如影响因子、引用次数)依次排列,在中国搜索出来的,前几页可能大部分为中文的一些期刊的文章。

2、http://www.scirus.com

Scirus是目前互联网上最全面、综合性最强的科技文献搜索引擎之一,由Elsevier科学出版社开发,用于搜索期刊和专利,效果很不错!Scirus覆盖的学科范围包括:农业与生物学,天文学,生物科学,化学与化工,计算机科学,地球与行星科学,经济、金融与管理科学,工程、能源与技术,环境科学,语言学,法学,生命科学,材料科学,数学,医学,神经系统科学,药理学,物理学,心理学,社会与行为科学,社会学等。

3、http://www.base-search.net/

BASE是德国比勒费尔德(Bielefeld)大学图书馆开发的一个多学科的学术搜索引擎,提供对全球异构学术资源的集成检索服务。它整合了德国比勒费尔德大学图书馆的图书馆目录和大约160 个开放资源(超过200 万个文档)的数据。

4、http://www.vascoda.de/

Vascoda是一个交叉学科门户网站的原型,它注重特定主题的聚合,集成了图书馆的收藏、文献数据库和附加的学术内容。

5、http://www.goole.com/

与google比较了一下发现,能搜索到一些google搜索不到的好东东 。它界面简洁,功能强大,速度快,YAHOO、网易都采用了它的搜索技术。各位可以一试。

6、 http://www.a9.com

Google在同一水平的搜索引擎。是Amazon.com推出的,Web result部分是基于Google的,所以保证和Google在同一水平,另外增加了Amazon的在书本内搜索的功能和个性化功能:主要是可以记录你的搜索历史。现在还是Beta,不过试用后感觉很好,向大家推荐一试 ,不过缺憾是现在书本内搜索没有中文内容。

7、http://www.ixquick.com

严格意义上讲不是搜索引擎,是连接搜索引擎和网络用户的信息立交桥。新一代的搜索引擎应运而生,Ixquick meta-search正是目前最具光芒的新星。但是对于大多数国内用户来说,Ixquick还很陌生。Ixquick众多独特的功能我不一一介绍了,只介绍我们最关心的,搜索数据库密码。
使用方法:先进入Ixquick,以“Proquest”数据库为例。填入Proquest Username Password History Online后点击search,看看出来的结果,第一页中第6个,proquest的username和password赫然在目,别急,再看第4个结果“HB Thompson Subscription Online Databases”,即http://homework.syosset.k12.ny.us/onlinedbs/HBTDatabases/,进入后发现这是一个密码页,选择Magazines & Journals栏,就有 EBSCO、Electric Library Elementary、Electric Library Elementary、ProQuest Platinum (in school)、ProQuest Platinum (remote)等众多数据库的密码,都有uesrname和password,随便试一下EBSCO,OK,成功登陆。

8、http://vivisimo.com/

cmu的作品,对搜索的内容进行分类,这样可以有效地做出选择,比较有特色。可实现分类检索,检索速度也很好,如EBSCO 密码几分钟就可找一大堆 .
   http://search.epnet.com/
   User ID: mountain
   Password: ridge
  这个密码可以试试。

9、http://www.findarticles.com/

一个检索免费paper的好工具。 进入网页以后,可以看到他有三个功能,driectory web article ,其中article对我们很有帮助,你可以尝试输入你要找的文章,会有很多发现的!

10、http://www.sciseek.com/Sample

感觉不是很好用,内容也不是太多,主要靠用户添加网址,提供信息的搜索引擎,搜索功能也比较差,输入常见的关键词,往往找不到相匹配的内容。

11、http://www.chmoogle.com

现点击后或跳转到http://www.emolecules.com,在此搜索引擎里可以搜索到超过千万种化学品信息或相应的供应商,与Chemblink有点相似,但提供的化学品理化信息没有Chemblink详细,与其不同的是该搜索引擎可提供化学品结构式搜索(主页上有在线绘制化学结构式的搜索框)。

12、 http://www.ojose.com/

OJOSE (Online Journal Search Engine,在线期刊搜索引擎)是一个强大的免费科学搜索引擎,通过OJOSE,你能查找、下载或购买到近60个数据库的资源。但是感觉操作比较复杂。

13、http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/

一个关于计算机和信息科学的搜索引擎。

14、http://hpsearch.uni-trier.de/

专家个人主页搜索引擎

15、http://cnplinker.cnpeak.com/

为了给读者用户提供一个方便快捷的查阅国外各类期刊文献的综合网络平台,中图公司组织开发了cnpLINKer(cnpiec LINK service)在线数据库检索系统,并正式开通运行。cnpLINKer即“中图链接服务”,目前主要提供约3600种国外期刊的目次和文摘的查询检索、电子全文链接及期刊国内馆藏查询功能.并时时与国外出版社保持数据内容的一致性和最新性.
点评:只提供了外文检索的功能,但是无法得到全文。个人认为不是很理想。

16、http://guoxue.baidu.com/

百度国学目前能提供上起先秦、下至清末历代文化典籍的检索和阅读。内容涉及经、史、子、集各部。

17、http://infomine.ucr.edu/

NFOMIN是由加州大学、维克森林大学、加州国立大学、底特律大学等大学图书管理员建立的学术搜索引擎。它主要为大学职员、学生和研究人员提供在线学术资源。

JAMA是《美国医学会杂志》简称,仅次于NEJM《新英格兰医学杂志》的世界权威医学杂志,与《柳叶刀》Lancet,《英国医学杂志》BMJ号称世界四大权威综合医学杂志。
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
http://jama.ama-assn.org/
NEJM:The New England Journal of Medicine
http://content.nejm.org/
The Lancet
http://www.thelancet.com/
BMJ : British Medical Journal
http://www.bmj.com/
附上JAMA,The Lancet,BMJ 的系列杂志。
BMJ Journals

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Archives of Disease in Childhood
Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition
BMJ
British Journal of Ophthalmology
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Emergency Medicine Journal
Evidence Based Medicine
Evidence Based Mental Health
Evidence Based Nursing
Gut
Heart
Injury Prevention
Journal of Clinical Pathology
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Journal of Medical Ethics Journal of Medical Genetics
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Medical Humanities Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Postgraduate Medical Journal
Quality and Safety in Health Care
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Thorax
Tobacco Control

Lancet系列
Lancet infectious diseases
Lancet neurology
Lancet oncology

American Medical Association 杂志
1. JAMA
2. Archives of Dermatology
3. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery
4. Archives of General Psychiatry
5. Archives of Internal Medicine
6. Archives of Neurology
7. Archives of Ophthalmology
8. Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck
9. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent
10. Archive of Surgery
美国医学会 American Medical Association是世界上三大医学会之一,拥有会员30多万名,在医学领域拥有很高的地位。JAMA-The Journal of the American Medical Association 《美国医学会杂志》是由美国医学会(American Medical Association)主办的一种综合性临床医学杂志,创刊于1883年,每月出版4期,全年出版48期。主要刊载临床及实验研究论文、编者述评、读者来信、相关书评等类型文章。同时该杂志也向读者提供医学及卫生保健领域的非临床性信息,涉及政治、哲学、伦理、法律、环境、经济、历史及文化等方面内容。该杂志的编委会由来自于美国、日本、法国、德国、荷兰、澳大利亚、丹麦等国家的医学专家组成,并有一个国际性编辑顾问委员会,其成员分别来自于意大利、土耳其、墨西哥、阿根廷、中国等16个国家。该刊是国际上公认的四大医刊之一,被BA、CA、IPA、MEDLINE、SCI、Abstr Hyg、Nutr Abstr等国际上著名检索工具书收录。JAMA比较注重其教育职能,利用该杂志的Continuing Medical Education栏目向临床医师提供基础医学与临床医学方面的继续医学教育服务。该刊2005年影响因子(IF值)为23.332,列《科学引文索引》收录的世界上各学科6089种科技核心期刊的第19位,种综合医学、综合内科学期刊中的第3位。

1. JAMA(ISSN: 0008-5472) 作为世界上发行范围最广泛的医学杂志,本期刊为读者指导了重要的临床医学发展方向。一年出版48期,包含50多个医学专刊。自1883年创刊以来,本期刊每周发行,只接受业内人士高度认可的特约来稿。

2. Archives of Dermatology(ISSN: 0003-987x) 本期刊提供了对皮肤病理学的重要见解,刊载的是受到业内人士认可的,最新的内外科以及药理学方面的学术论文。自1882年创刊以来,本期刊每月发行,是最常用的皮肤病临床学术期刊,对研究和治疗皮肤病的前线医生提供了很大的学术帮助。

3. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery(ISSN: 1521-2491) 本期刊从各个方面对头部和颈部的整容恢复手术进行了探讨,全心致力于皮肤医学和面部各个部位的塑胶手术的学术研究。1999,本刊1999年创刊,是美国面部塑胶整容医学会和面部塑胶手术联合会的官方学术期刊。

4. Archives of General Psychiatry(ISSN: 0003-990x) 本期刊所刊登的是在精神病学,心理健康学,行为科学以及相关领域内的文章,其研究的权威性与前所未有的学术见解受到业内人士认可,书中针对一些常见疾病提出了诊断和治疗的方法,比如精神萎靡,精神分裂,心理焦虑和内分泌紊乱等。本期刊1919年创刊,是该研究领域内首屈一指的学术期刊。

5. Archives of Internal Medicine(ISSN: 0003-9926) 本期刊提供了业内人士认可的全方位的学术研究,包括心血管疾病学,老年病学,传染病学,肠胃病学,内分泌学以及敏感症学和免疫病学。自1908年创刊以来,本刊一直提供着最先进的诊断和治疗方法,深受医生们青睐,是世界上在普通内科医学领域的顶尖级学术期刊。

6. Archives of Neurology(ISSN: 0003-9942) 本期刊着眼于神经系统和疾病的多种机制,是受到业内人士认可的科学研究期刊。本期刊于1919年创刊,在新药品的研制上发表了许多有价值的学术文章,以保证读者及时了解到最可行的治疗方法。

7. Archives of Ophthalmology(ISSN: 0003-9950) 本期刊在流行病学,眼科的器械设置,眼科的分子遗传,公共医疗卫生服务和社会经济学的研究方面,受到业内人士的认可,刊载了作者的原创文章。自1869年创刊以来,本期刊对该领域有着最透彻的理解,以帮助读者在个人的学术研究上达到制高点。

8. Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery(ISSN: 0886-4470) 本期刊出版了临床和基础研究的原创论文,受到了业内人士的认可,包括了对头颈和耳鼻喉科各方面的诊断及治疗方法。自1925年创刊以来,本期刊一直在该领域的前延,令读者了解临床医学的重要性,内容涵盖了先进的技术革新,外科小手术,基因治疗,低温学,超音波学以及化学外科治疗学。

9. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine(ISSN: 1072-4710) 本期刊全方位的研究了小儿医科的基础病理,着眼于加强病人从幼年到青春期的的生命力。本刊在重要的医学领域中都提供了专家级的指导,比如临床问题的解决,诊断方法的确定以及明显的基础医学等。自1911年创刊以来,为了年轻人的疾病预防,增强体质,本刊不断的为读者提供相关领域在全世界发展的重要研究成果。

10. Archive of Surgery(ISSN: 0004-0010) 针对最新的手术技术,重要的临床发现以及真实活体课程的演示,本期刊所刊载的都是来自世界各地的顶尖级专家的学术论文。本期刊自1920年创刊自来,让读者不断感受全新的研究,重要的治疗方法以及专业人士的探讨